Pesto Classico = Classic Pesto

Recipes from Paradise by Fred Plotkin


1 pinch coarse sea salt
60 small or 30 large fresh basil leaves, carefully wiped, stems and spines removed
2 cloves garlic, peeled, with the green heart removed
3 Tbsp. pinoli
2 Tbsp. fresh, finely grated Pecorino Romano
2 Tbsp. fresh, finely grated Parmigiano-Reggiano
3 to 4 Tbsp. Ligurian extravirgin olive oil

Makes about 1 cup.


  1. Add the seal salt and a few of the basil leaves to your (marble preferred) mortar. Using a wooden pestle, crush the leaves and salt gently but with a firm rhythm against the bottom and sides of the mortar so that the leaves gradually come apart. Keep adding leaves a few at a time until they are all used. 
  2. While the leaves are still partly intact, add the garlic and then point it too, just until it is mashed and has released its juice. Then add the pinoli and pound them until they reduced to paste. Stir the pestle in the mortar so that the ingredients combine.
  3. Then add the Pecorino Romano and Parmigiano-Reggiano and stir again to combine the ingredients. Now add the olive oil a little at a time, stirring with the pestle to make a sauce of a creamy consistency.
  4. Some people like more oil, some less, so the amount I recommend is a guideline. Your goal is to have a thick creamy sauce. If you choose not rouse all of the oil, that is fine. The result should be full amalgamated and of a medium bright green color.